Ελληνικά
Thursday, 14 December 2017

Flora

Rate this item
(6 votes)

The best way to explore the Island’s Flora is by walking or hiking. You can smell the unique scent and admire the breathtaking colours the Island provides during spring and summer. When you are walking, you will pass by small gardens, orchards, fallow fields and heaths. You will be impressed of the Mediterranean Beauty and its variety on such a small island, (just above 50 square kilometres). In total there are around 1.000 plant species and subspecies growing on Skiathos and its neighbouring islands. Responsible for the all year round evergreen look are the many trees, wild olive, maple, Phoenician juniper and sclerophyllus scrub (strawberry tree, eastern strawberry tree, mastic tree, tree heath and oaks) which are growing here and also many small plants, sometimes hiding in the understory of the pine forests, like the Orchis Magnesia, Ophrys apifera and the Pink butterfly orchid (papilionacea). Many small thorny shrubs are also found here, like the Greek spiny spurge, thyme, rosemary, broom, sea squill, genista and cistus, many of them can be scented throughout the summer and gives you a Mediterranean feeling.
End of April to early May every year the soil in olive groves and in the orchards becomes transformed into a real sea of wildflowers, an astonishing view. Thousands of poppies (Papaver rhoeas) like red touches on the infrequently seeded soil, are being mixed with the bright yellow of the Daisies (Chrysanthemum Coronarium) and Anemones (Anemone hortensis) creating a riot of colours. Many representatives of the genus Ierakion (Hieracium spec.) and Krepis (Crepis spec) grow here. You will also see the filiform fruits of the genus Tragopogon (Tragopogon spec). A plant that can be found at the edges of roads are wild malva (Malva sylvestris) with the purple flowers. All these flowers make a paradise for thousands of flying insects that visit it frequently for refuelling.
At the Koukounaries Area and further North the Mandraki region, the island hosts one of the most beautiful and rarest Pine tree (Pinus Pinea) forest in whole Greece. These kind of trees grow on small sand dunes, which you can find for example behind the Ghournes and Agistros beaches, with small lagoons in front of them. This marvellous small ecosystem is one of the island’s protected areas.
All the Northern Sporades Islands are covered by a large number of Olive trees, pine forests, Maki, the typical Mediterranean shrubs and the oak trees of this area. On the small surrounding islands round Skiathos the vegetation usually consists of phrygana, a thick layer with very thorny plants.
Vines and vegetables are also cultivated, mainly near the Evangelistria Monastery, but due to the restricted place, just in small numbers. What you can find are lemon trees, orange trees, fig trees, chestnuts, almonds, prunes, plums, wild berries, cherry and pomegranates trees, which are all responsible for the rich diversity of the landscape of Skiathos Island.


Melanie and Celine Monnie


Read 5192 times
More in this category: Fauna »