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Thursday, 16 August 2018

Geomorphology

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Samples Clay from Skiathos (S.Tsimpliarakis) Samples Clay from Skiathos (S.Tsimpliarakis)

The mountainous terrain of the island is shaped primarily by a series of small mountains that occupy the central and northern part and extinguish to heavenly beaches, the most leeward, those of the southern coastline. This plasticity is the grandeur of nature spreads everywhere, combining beautiful small bays and lush vegetation covering pine and evergreen broadleaf (~ 52% area), which was supplemented with olive cultivation (~ 28% of its area).
The highest peaks, from north to south is Moloha (403 m), Stivoto (395 m), Karaflytzanaka (430 m), Mitikas (433 m), Evaggelistria (427 m), Pr. Ilias (411 m), St. Kon / nos (388 m), Anaeros (211 m) and Kounistra (323 m). The major hydrogen streams seasonal flow in the north of the island is Kakorema and Lechouni stream, of the eastern part the stream Ganotis and Ftelia in the south part the stream of Platanias and the western part the stream Aselinos of Achilas and Kehrias.
Skiathos is a beautiful island that overflowing with green, with coasts, crystal clear waters, fine golden sand and cool shady places mainly under giant pines. For infinite blue is worth visiting the Kastro or islets that adorn the south side of Skiathos , Arko , Maragos, Little Tsougria and the Grand Tsougria with dreamy beaches.

Undoubtedly, however, two are the most controversial beaches, the impressive Lalaria with towering white cliffs and the white pebbles which are only accessible by boat, and te famous beach of Koukounaries or otherwise Golden Sand, with about 1.5 km along, which is located 12 km southwest of Skiathos and is considered one of the best in Europe.
Just behind the beach of Koukounaries is the lagoon Strofylia. Koukounaries is also famous for their habitat one of the most important in the country, the forest of Koukounaries and its-sweet waters. There are two other wetlands of St. George, east of the city and Vromolimno that has now almost disappeared.

The bedrock of the southern part of South Skiathos, in approximately 60% of the area of the island consists of stones physique of Jurassic hornstone, sandstones, with white lenses of limestone and trapped ophiolitic bodies. Briefly Skiathos consists of the following rocks:

a) Stones and mica slates

b) Mid-transformer slates new old-age

c) Flischis

d) Holocene stocks

e) Limestone and rocks. The same bedrock dominates the side island Tsougria.

The rest of the island (north) is covered from Pelagonian zone, and between them inserted a thin zone of alluvial Holocene.


For more information about Geomorphology as well as the Geo-history of Skiathos, visit the study of University Patras, the Research Committee, the program of basic research "K. Karatheodori »: FLORA SPORADUM: RECORD OF THE FLORA OF NORTH SPORADES AND AMONG THE PLANT-GEOGRAPHIC CONNECTIONS clicking here


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