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Friday, 27 April 2018

Post - 1453 AD

Skiathos remained under Byzantine command until 1453 BC, according to professor J. Frangoula:
"... it was more typical and shadowy and the possession of the island often disputed by the Venetians, Genoese and Turks. And by the middle of ID'-century both Genoese and Venetian republics fought among themselves and piracy in the Aegean Sea developed into a real plague, the people of Skiathos for their safety left the coastal town  and built new on the steep northern cliff, Kastro (ancient Castle) , which was a natural fortress.
In 1453 Istanbul fell to the Turks,  Skiathos chose the Venetian protection by the term to validate the ancient privileges were given by the Gizi and to keep the island the seat of the Orthodox bishop. And the Venetian domination into the island of Skiathos lasted until 1538 , after treaty by, the Turkish admiral Barbarossa Chairredin. In those years the island was managed by a Turkish commander, Voevodas and administrative belonged directly to Kapoudan Pasha, the admiral of the Turkish fleet.
In the period of Turkish domination in 1660 for a little period Skiathos was possessed by the Venetian admiral Francesco Morosini, who moved the Turks who lived in Kastro across Magnisia. In the following years the pre-revolutionary Skiathos became the base of the cruiser flotilla of Nikotsara and John Statha. And at the Monastery of Evangelismos in September 1807 became the joint Conference of the Greek rebels , who gave the oath of Liberty in front of the first Greek flag which was blue in the surface with a white cross in the middle. This was the first  official Greek flag which replaced the Russian flag until then the fleet  were using the Russian flag which is similar with the present official flag of the Greek Army.
After the Revolution of 1821, Skiathos was a stratigical point from the start of the Revolution 
both from sea and land. Skiathos was the place that many refugees mainly from Macedonian and Thessaly found care and protection. On the other hand Olympians chieftains and soldiers which were with Karataso, Gatsos, Diamanti Nikolaou and others have prevented "in the battle of Skiathos", in October 1823, the Topal Pasha, to occupy the island. By the signature of the Protocol of London in 1829 the people of Skiathos left Kastro and came down to the port, there was the ancient city of Skiathos."

After the Asia Minor catastrophe of 1922 settled on the island many refugees, mainly from the Agia Paraskevi of Cesme. During of German-Italian occupation in the island were a network who helped to escape the military allies, on the 23/8/1944 invaders burned about 180 homes and killed nine people of Skiathos, as a reprisal for the capture by the team of National Resistance, of an officer . Today Skiathos is one of the most popular destinations of our country, with tourism to be the largest economic power. The permanent populations exceed the 6500 and the dynamic of the host is more than 200,000 visitors a year.

For the origin, etymology of the name of the island there are three versions, first by shadow who throws Agio Oros(Athos), (poetic version, but are far from convincing), the second by the township Shadow of Evia, where began Chalkidaioi to settle on the island and the third being the most likely, from the shadow which created by trees. Certainly, but if the name is pre Greek, it is adversely etymologist and therefore the scenarios mentioned above, may be forgotten.

T. ΤΖοumas


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